Fall Prevention

Disability in your muscles, ligaments or nerves can put you at greater risk for falls.

Among older adults, according to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), falls are the most common cause of nonfatal injuries and hospital admissions for trauma.

If you fall, you’re at greater risk of:

  • Cuts and lacerations
  • Hip, spine, leg or arm fractures
  • Head trauma
  • Loss of mobility

 

Risk Factors

Risk factors associated with falls are:

  • Neuromuscular weakness
  • Certain medical conditions
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Stroke
  • Diabetes
  • Dementia
  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • Balance problems
  • History of previous falls
  • Vision problems
  • Certain medications
  • Difficulty walking

 

Fall Risk Screening

The Scott & White Division of Physical Therapy offers fall risk screening, an assessment of the factors in your life that contribute to the likelihood that you’re at greater risk for falling.

First, your physical therapist will conduct a thorough screening of your fall risk:

  • Medical history review
  • Medications review
  • Vision test
  • Mental acuity check
  • Nervous system assessment
  • Home safety assessment
  • Heart rate and blood pressure check
  • Feet and footwear assessment
  • Physical assessment
  • Muscle strength
  • Standardized balance/gait testing
  • Confidence and speed while walking

Personalized Care Plan

After the evaluation of your physical and cognitive abilities is complete, your therapist will design personalized care plan that:

  • Improves your balance
  • Increases your strength
  • Improves your walking ability
  • Explains to you best how to manage your own risks for falling
  • Educates you on local resources

As you progress through therapy, your therapist will regularly re-evaluate your care plan.

Resources


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