Sarcoma Cancer: Patient Education

Cancer Facts

According to the American Cancer Society, in the United States in 2012:

  • About 11,280 new soft tissue sarcomas will be diagnosed
  • About 2,890 new cases of bone cancer will be diagnosed

Overview

Sarcomas are cancerous tumors of the bone, cartilage and soft tissues — the parts of your body that connect, support or surround other structures and organs.

Sarcoma cancer is rare in adults, accounting for about 1 percent of all cancers. However, sarcomas are more common in children and young adults. For example, according to the Sarcoma Foundation of America, sarcoma cancer accounts for about 15 percent of all childhood cancers.

Types of Sarcomas

  • Osteosarcomas are the most common primary malignant bone tumors in youth.
  • Ewing's sarcomas are the most lethal of bone tumors, occurring almost exclusively in the first two decades of life.
  • Soft tissue sarcomas can occur almost anywhere in the body, but the majority are found in the large muscles of the extremities (arms, legs) and in and around organs. They constitute about one percent of all cancers.
  • Rhabdomyosarcomas are the most common soft tissue sarcomas of childhood with about 15 percent located in the extremities.

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