Risk Factors for Penile Cancer
A risk factor is something about you that increases your chance of getting a disease or having a certain health condition. Some risk factors for penile cancer you cannot change, but some you can. Changing the risk factors that you have control over will help you live a longer, healthier life.
Risk factors do not mean that you will get the disease. Many people who have these risk factors do not develop the disease and many who develop the disease did not have any of these risk factors.
The risk factors for penile cancer are:
- Not being circumcised— Men who have not had their foreskins removed may be at greater risk of developing penile cancer because secretions may build up underneath the foreskin.
- Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection — Men who have had HPV infection are at increased risk of developing penile cancer.
- Smoking — Men who smoke are at greater risk of developing penile cancer than men who do not smoke.
- Age — Penile cancer is more common in men over the age of 60.
- AIDS— Men with AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome) are at an increased risk of developing penile cancer.
- Having poor personal hygiene — Men who do not practice personal cleanliness may be at greater risk for penile cancer.
- Having many sexual partners — Men who have sexual relations with a large number of partners may be at greater risk of penile cancer.