Risk Factors for Stomach Cancer
A risk factor is something about you that increases your chance of getting a disease or having a certain health condition. Some risk factors for stomach cancer you cannot change, but some you can. Changing the risk factors that you have control over will help you live a longer, healthier life.
Risk factors do not mean that you will get the disease. Many people who have these risk factors do not develop the disease and many who develop the disease did not have any of these risk factors.
The risk factors for stomach cancer are:
- Helicobacter pylori infection – People infected with this germ may be at greater risk for developing stomach cancer.
- Stomach lymphoma – People infected with mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma are at greater risk for developing stomach cancer.
- Age – Stomach cancer is more common in people age 65 and older.
- Gender – Stomach cancer is more common in men than in women.
- Ethnicity – Stomach cancer is most common in Asians and Pacific Islanders. It is more common in Latinos and African Americans than in whites.
- Diet – People whose diets include large amounts of smoked, salted and pickled foods may be at greater risk of developing stomach cancer.
- Smoking – People who smoke are at greater risk of developing stomach cancer than people who don’t smoke.
- Family history – Stomach cancer does run in some families. People with a first-degree relative, such as mother or brother, diagnosed with this disease are more likely to get it themselves.