Assisted Reproductive Technologies Procedures
In Vitro Fertilization
In vitro fertilization (IVF) involves mixing eggs and sperm in a small volume to allow fertilization to occur in an incubator. The resulting embryos are grown for two to five days in a laboratory setting. IVF initially was used to treat tubal factor infertility, but today is used for many causes of infertility, including endometriosis and unexplained factors. Find out more about in vitro fertilization treatments at Scott & White.
Intra-Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection
This procedure is used to treat male factor infertility or previously failed fertilization. In intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection, a single sperm is injected into each egg.
In embryo transfer, an ultrasound is used to help guide a small, flexible tube into the uterus. Once in position, the embryos (or a single embryo) are gently placed in the uterus.
Used to enhance implantation, assisted hacthing involves a laser that is used to make a microscopic nick in the protein coat that surrounds the developing embryo.