Interventional Radiology for the Organs

Conditions

Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm

An aortic aneurysm is a weak area in the main blood vessel that carries blood from the heart to the rest of the body.

Tests

Needle biopsy

Diagnostic test for breast, lung and other cancers; an alternative to surgical biopsy.

Treatments and Procedures

Balloon angioplasty

Opens blocked or narrowed blood vessels by inserting a very small balloon into the vessel and inflating it. Used by interventional radiologists to unblock clogged arteries in the legs or arms (called peripheral vascular disease or PVD), kidneys, brain or elsewhere in the body.

Biliary drainage and stenting

Uses a stent (small mesh tube) to open up blocked ducts and allow bile to drain from the liver.

Chemoembolization - Types of Cancer Treated: Bone, Breast, Kidney, Liver and Lung

Delivery of cancer-fighting agents directly to the site of a cancer tumor; currently being used mostly to treat cancers of the endocrine system, including melanoma and liver cancers.

Gastrostomy

A gastrostomy is performed to insert a tube directly into the stomach or small intestine of a person who cannot take food or medicine by mouth.

Hemodialysis access maintenance

Use of angioplasty or thrombolysis to open blocked grafts for hemodialysis, which treats kidney failure.

Radiofrequency ablation (RFA)

Use of radiofrequency (RF) energy to burn and kill cancerous tumors.

TIPS (transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt)

A life-saving procedure to improve blood flow and prevent hemorrhage in patients with severe liver dysfunction.

Devices

Stent

A small flexible tube made of plastic or wire mesh, used to treat a variety of medical conditions (e.g., to hold open clogged blood vessels or other pathways that have been narrowed or blocked by tumors or obstructions).


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