Balloon kyphoplasty is a minimally invasive, orthopaedic treatment that stabilizes spinal fractures, thereby reducing pain and providing for correction of the deformity.
Studies also report the following benefits:
- Correction of vertebral body deformity
- Significant reduction in back pain
- Significant improvement in quality of life
- Significant improvement in mobility, including the ability to perform daily activities such as walking, hobbies and work
- Significant reduction in the number of days per month that a patient remains in bed
- Low complication rate
About the balloon kyphoplasty procedure
- The spine specialist creates a small pathway into the fractured bone. A small, orthopaedic balloon is guided through the instrument into the vertebra. The incision site is approximately 1 cm in length.
- The balloon is carefully inflated in an attempt to raise the collapsed vertebra and return it to its normal position. Inflation of the balloon creates a void (cavity) in the vertebral body.
- Once the vertebra is in the correct position, the balloon is deflated and removed.
- The cavity is filled with bone cement forming an “internal cast” to support the surrounding bone and prevent further collapse.
- Generally, the procedure is done on both sides of the vertebral body.
The balloon kyphoplasty procedure typically takes about one hour per fracture and may require an overnight hospital stay. The procedure can be done using either local or general anesthesia; the surgeon will determine the most appropriate method, based on the patient's overall condition.
In most cases, Medicare provides coverage for balloon kyphoplasty. Other insurance plans may also cover the procedure.
Although the complication rate with balloon kyphoplasty has been demonstrated to be low, as with most surgical procedures there are risks associated with balloon kyphoplasty, including serious complications. Patients should consult with their physician for a full discussion of the risks.
Reprinted with permission of the Society of Interventional Radiology (c) 2004, 2008; www.SIRweb.org. All rights reserved.