Diagnosing Sarcoma Cancer

Support Throughout the Diagnostic Process

Our physicians, nurses and support staff are here to advise you, listen to you and calm your fears. Your physicians will explain your diagnosis and compassionately offer suggestions for treatment and care. They’re here for you.

Also available for counsel, support and guidance are nurse coordinators, oncology social workers and a pastoral team. They’ll help you navigate through the system and provide additional assistance, including:

  • Social support
  • Spiritual guidance
  • Emotional support
  • Practical advice
  • Tips on coping

Call on them. They’re here for you.

Scott & White offers you excellent diagnostic services. We have invested in the most advanced diagnostic equipment available, providing precise images of your bone, cartilage and tissue to detect tumors.

Our staff includes:

  • Nationally recognized diagnostic radiologists, who expertly interpret the images, providing your oncologists with necessary details for treatment planning.
  • Board-certified pathologists. Our physicians rely on them to expertly classify and stage tumors.

Scott & White offers a variety of methods used to detect sarcoma cancer. Your physician may order one or more of the following tests.

Sarcoma Cancer Diagnostic Services

Physical and Laboratory Tests

Your physician may begin with a thorough physical exam and medical history. Other tests can include:


Part of your evaluation may include a biopsy, which is a minor surgical procedure to obtain a piece of the tissue. Then, our expert pathologist examines the tissue, checks the accuracy of lab tests, and interprets the results.

Cytogenetic Techniques

Our pathologists and geneticists use different cytogenetic techniques to render a final diagnosis. These techniques include:

  • Simple microscopy To observe the small, microscopic features of organisms
  • Immunohistochemistry –  To test for certain antigens (a substance that causes your body to have a specific immune response) by adding an antibody, dye or radioisotope in order to determine which type of cancer you have
  • Flow-cytometry A flow cytometer can tell a cell’s relative size and internal granularity by light scatters and measure its fluorescence intensity and time

Imaging Studies

To complete your evaluation, additional studies may be performed including:  

  • X-rays
  • Abdominal computed tomography (CT) scan
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan
  • Positron emission tomography (PET) scan
  • Bone scan

Genetic Testing

With the help of our genetics team, we can identify any disease-specific genetic abnormalities that may contribute to your cancer. Counseling is also available for families with hereditary conditions.

Staging Your Sarcoma

Based on the results of your diagnostic tests, a stage of the disease is established. Staging depends on not only the tumor type and its potential for growth, but also the size, location, and whether or not it has spread.

Find out more about staging sarcoma »

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