Risk Factors for Hodgkin Lymphoma
A risk factor is something about you that increases your chance of getting a disease or having a certain health condition. Some risk factors for Hodgkin lymphoma you cannot change, but some you can. Changing the risk factors that you have control over will help you live a longer, healthier life.
Risk factors do not mean that you will get the disease. Many people who have these risk factors do not develop the disease and many who develop the disease did not have any of these risk factors.
The risk factors for Hodgkin lymphoma are:
- Age – Hodgkin lymphoma is most common in people in their 20s; the risk increases again after age 55.
- HIV infection – People who have HIV infection are at a greater risk of developing Hodgkin lymphoma.
- Geography – Hodgkin lymphoma is more common in Europe and North America.
- Family history – Identical twins are at a much greater risk of developing Hodgkin lymphoma; siblings have an increased risk of developing the disease.
- Mononucleosis / Epstein-Barr infection – People who have had infectious mononucleosis (caused by the Epstein-Barr virus) are a slightly increased risk of developing Hodgkin lymphoma.