Risk Factors for Bile Duct Cancer

A risk factor is something about you that increases your chance of getting a disease or having a certain health condition. Some risk factors for bile duct cancer you cannot change, but some you can. Changing the risk factors that you have control over will help you live a longer, healthier life.

Risk factors do not mean that you will get the disease. Many people who have these risk factors do not develop the disease and many who develop the disease did not have any of these risk factors.

The risk factors for bile duct cancer are:

  • Primary sclerosing cholangitis – People with this bile-duct damaging condition are at increased risk of developing bile duct cancer.
  • Ulcerative colitis – People with this condition, also known as inflammatory bowel disease, are at increased risk of developing colitis.
  • Bile duct stones – People with bile duct stones are at increased risk of developing bile duct cancer.
  • Choledochal cysts – People with cysts in the lining of the bile ducts are at increased risk of developing bile duct cancer.
  • Cirrhosis – People with cirrhosis of the liver are at increased risk of developing bile duct cancer.
  • Age – Bile duct cancer is more common in people age 65 and older.
  • Obesity – People who are obese are more likely to develop bile duct cancer than people of normal weight.

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