Scotoma

A scotoma is a dim or totally black area in your vision. The areas around the dim or black spot may have normal vision.

ExitCare ImageRegular eye checkups are important. They should be done once a year if you are over age 65. You should get your eyes checked more often if:

  • You have diabetes.

  • You are already showing early signs of eye problems from diabetes, high blood pressure, or other causes.

HOME CARE

  • Wear sunglasses to protect your eyes.

  • Do not smoke.

  • Limit how much alcohol you drink.

  • Ask friends and family for help.

  • Keep your blood pressure and cholesterol under control.

  • Keep your blood sugars under control if you have diabetes.

  • Eat green leafy vegetables.

  • Do not drive at night. Use public transportation.

  • Get good glasses.

  • Get rid of throw rugs and other tripping hazards.

  • Do not let your vision problem keep you from interacting with people.

GET HELP RIGHT AWAY IF:

Any of your symptoms get worse.

MAKE SURE YOU:

  • Understand these instructions.

  • Will watch your condition.

  • Will get help right away if you are not doing well or get worse.