Scotoma

A scotoma is a dim or totally black area in your vision. The areas around the dim or black spot may have normal vision.

Regular eye checkups are important. They should be done once a year if you are over age 65. You should get your eyes checked more often if:

  • You have diabetes.

  • You are already showing early signs of eye problems from diabetes, high blood pressure, or other causes.

HOME CARE

  • Wear sunglasses to protect your eyes.

  • Do not smoke.

  • Limit how much alcohol you drink.

  • Ask friends and family for help.

  • Keep your blood pressure and cholesterol under control.

  • Keep your blood sugars under control if you have diabetes.

  • Eat green leafy vegetables.

  • Do not drive at night. Use public transportation.

  • Get good glasses.

  • Get rid of throw rugs and other tripping hazards.

  • Do not let your vision problem keep you from interacting with people.

GET HELP RIGHT AWAY IF:

Any of your symptoms get worse.

MAKE SURE YOU:

  • Understand these instructions.

  • Will watch your condition.

  • Will get help right away if you are not doing well or get worse.