Scarlet Fever

ExitCare Image Scarlet fever is an infection that can develop with strep throat. Scarlet fever is caused by the strep germ (bacteria). It commonly happens to young children. It can spread from person to person (contagious). Antibiotic medicine will be given. It often takes about 24 to 48 hours before you will start to feel better.


  • Rest and get sleep.

  • Take your medicine as told. Finish it even if you start to feel better.

  • Gargle salt water to soothe your throat. Mix 1 teaspoon of salt with 8 ounces of water.

  • Drink enough fluids to keep your pee (urine) clear or pale yellow.

  • Eat soft or liquid foods if your throat hurts. Try milk, milk shakes, ice cream, frozen yogurt, soup, or instant breakfast milk drinks. Other good choices include sport drinks, smoothies, and frozen ice pops.

  • Only take medicines as told by your doctor.

  • Follow up with your doctor about test results as told.

  • Family members who get a sore throat or fever should see a doctor.


  • You have drooling or swallowing problems.

  • You have trouble breathing.

  • Your voice changes.

  • You have neck pain.

  • You do not get better after 48 to 72 hours of treatment, or your problems get worse.

  • You have green, yellow-brown, or bloody spit (phlegm).

  • You have joint pain or leg puffiness (swelling).

  • You are pale, weak, or start to breathe fast.

  • You have a dry mouth, are not peeing, or have sunken eyes.

  • You have dark brown or bloody pee.


  • Understand these instructions.

  • Will watch your condition.

  • Will get help right away if you are not doing well or get worse.