Recurrent Miscarriage

Recurrent miscarriage means that a woman has lost two or more pregnancies in a row. The loss happens before 20 weeks of pregnancy. Primary recurrent miscarriage is with a woman that has never been able to give birth to a child. Secondary recurrent miscarriage is a woman who had a child and then had two or more miscarriages in a row.


  • Your parents passed it to you (genetic).

  • Chromosomal defects.

  • Endocrine disorders. A person's endocrine system includes glands that make hormones.

  • Having a lack of progesterone hormone in early pregnancy.

  • Thyroid problems.

  • Insulin resistance seen in diabetic women and women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome that is hard to control.

  • Abnormalities of the uterus.

  • Certain viral and germ (bacterial) infections.

  • Autoimmune disorders. This is when the immune system attacks or destroys healthy body tissue.

  • Smoking, drinking or taking drugs or medicines.

  • Being exposed to certain chemicals or toxins at home or work.


  • See your caregiver if you have two or more miscarriages.

  • Follow the advice for testing and treatment that your caregiver recommends.

  • Discuss any concerns or questions with your caregiver.

  • Do not smoke or drink alcohol when pregnant.

  • Recurrent miscarriages can have a severe emotional and psychological effect on a couple wanting to have children. They may have feelings of anger, blame, guilt and become depressed after losing a pregnancy many times. Join a support group or see a grief counselor if you have emotional problems because of pregnancy loss.


  • You are or think you are pregnant and have any kind of vaginal spotting or bleeding.

  • You develop low abdominal cramps.

  • You develop a fever of 102° F (38.9° C) or higher.

  • You develop abnormal vaginal discharge.

  • You have been or think you have been exposed to a spreadable (contagious) illness, toxins or chemicals that make you sick to your stomach (nauseated) or throw up (vomit).

  • You think you have been exposed to a sexually transmitted disease.