Pneumonia, Adult

Pneumonia is an infection of the lungs. It may be caused by a germ (virus or bacteria). Some types of pneumonia can spread easily from person to person. This can happen when you cough or sneeze.

HOME CARE

  • Only take medicine as told by your doctor.

  • Take your medicine (antibiotics) as told. Finish it even if you start to feel better.

  • Do not smoke.

  • You may use a vaporizer or humidifier in your room. This can help loosen thick spit (mucus).

  • Sleep so you are almost sitting up (semi-upright). This helps reduce coughing.

  • Rest.

A shot (vaccine) can help prevent pneumonia. Shots are often advised for:

  • People over 65 years old.

  • Patients on chemotherapy.

  • People with long-term (chronic) lung problems.

  • People with immune system problems.

GET HELP RIGHT AWAY IF:

  • You are getting worse.

  • You cannot control your cough, and you are losing sleep.

  • You cough up blood.

  • Your pain gets worse, even with medicine.

  • You have a fever.

  • Any of your problems are getting worse, not better.

  • You have shortness of breath or chest pain.

MAKE SURE YOU:

  • Understand these instructions.

  • Will watch your condition.

  • Will get help right away if you are not doing well or get worse.