Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis happens when your bones become weak because of bone loss. Weak bones can break (fracture) more easily with slips or falls.

You are more likely to develop osteoporosis if:

  • You are a woman.

  • You are older than 50 years.

  • You are white or Asian.

  • You are very thin.

  • Someone in your family has had osteoporosis.

  • You smoke or use nicotine.

CAUSES

  • Smoking.

  • Too much drinking.

  • Being a weight below normal.

  • Not being active.

  • Not going outside in the sun enough.

  • Certain medical conditions, such as diabetes or Crohn disease.

  • Certain medicines, such as steroids or antiseizure medicines.

TREATMENT

The goal of treatment is to strengthen bones. There are different types of medicines that help your bones. Some medicines make your bones more solid. Some medicines help to slow down how much bone you lose. Your doctor may check to see if you are getting enough calcium and vitamin D in your diet.

PREVENTION

  • Make sure you get enough calcium and vitamin D.

  • Make sure you exercise often.

  • If you smoke, quit.

MAKE SURE YOU:

  • Understand these instructions.

  • Will watch your condition.

  • Will get help right away if you are not doing well or get worse.