Musculoskeletal Pain

Musculoskeletal pain is muscle and boney aches and pains. These pains can occur in any part of the body. Your caregiver may treat you without knowing the cause of the pain. They may treat you if blood or urine tests, X-rays, and other tests were normal.


There is often not a definite cause or reason for these pains. These pains may be caused by a type of germ (virus). The discomfort may also come from overuse. Overuse includes working out too hard when your body is not fit. Boney aches also come from weather changes. Bone is sensitive to atmospheric pressure changes.


  • Ask when your test results will be ready. Make sure you get your test results.

  • Only take over-the-counter or prescription medicines for pain, discomfort, or fever as directed by your caregiver. If you were given medications for your condition, do not drive, operate machinery or power tools, or sign legal documents for 24 hours. Do not drink alcohol. Do not take sleeping pills or other medications that may interfere with treatment.

  • Continue all activities unless the activities cause more pain. When the pain lessens, slowly resume normal activities. Gradually increase the intensity and duration of the activities or exercise.

  • During periods of severe pain, bed rest may be helpful. Lay or sit in any position that is comfortable.

  • Putting ice on the injured area.

  • Put ice in a bag.

  • Place a towel between your skin and the bag.

  • Leave the ice on for 15 to 20 minutes, 3 to 4 times a day.

  • Follow up with your caregiver for continued problems and no reason can be found for the pain. If the pain becomes worse or does not go away, it may be necessary to repeat tests or do additional testing. Your caregiver may need to look further for a possible cause.


  • You have pain that is getting worse and is not relieved by medications.

  • You develop chest pain that is associated with shortness or breath, sweating, feeling sick to your stomach (nauseous), or throw up (vomit).

  • Your pain becomes localized to the abdomen.

  • You develop any new symptoms that seem different or that concern you.


  • Understand these instructions.

  • Will watch your condition.

  • Will get help right away if you are not doing well or get worse.