Microalbumin

Microalbumin (MA) is a urine test which determines small amounts of albumin in the urine that are not normally detected with routine testing. This is an especially important test with diabetics because it determines the amount of blood sugar control over the years. It is one of the earlier findings in diabetics that may suggest complications are happening. This may include problems with nerves, vessels, and development of high blood pressures. Microalbumin can be identified years before routine protein urine tests are able to identify it. When this is present, it may be an indicator of shortened life expectancy due to cardiovascular disease and hypertension.

PREPARATION FOR TEST

No preparation or fasting is necessary.

NORMAL FINDINGS

  • MA: 0.2-1.9 mg/dl

  • MA/creatinine ratio: 0-30 mg/g

Ranges for normal findings may vary among different laboratories and hospitals. You should always check with your doctor after having lab work or other tests done to discuss the meaning of your test results and whether your values are considered within normal limits.

MEANING OF TEST

Your caregiver will go over the test results with you and discuss the importance and meaning of your results, as well as treatment options and the need for additional tests if necessary.

OBTAINING THE TEST RESULTS

It is your responsibility to obtain your test results. Ask the lab or department performing the test when and how you will get your results.