Ligament Sprain

ExitCare ImageLigaments are tough, fibrous tissues that hold bones together at the joints. A sprain can occur when a ligament is stretched. This injury may take several weeks to heal.

HOME CARE INSTRUCTIONS

  • Rest the injured area for as long as directed by your caregiver. Then slowly start using the joint as directed by your caregiver and as the pain allows.

  • Keep the affected joint raised if possible to lessen swelling.

  • Apply ice for 15-20 minutes to the injured area every couple hours for the first half day, then 03-04 times per day for the first 48 hours. Put the ice in a plastic bag and place a towel between the bag of ice and your skin.

  • Wear any splinting, casting, or elastic bandage applications as instructed.

  • Only take over-the-counter or prescription medicines for pain, discomfort, or fever as directed by your caregiver. Do not use aspirin immediately after the injury unless instructed by your caregiver. Aspirin can cause increased bleeding and bruising of the tissues.

  • If you were given crutches, continue to use them as instructed and do not resume weight bearing on the affected extremity until instructed.

SEEK MEDICAL CARE IF:

  • Your bruising, swelling, or pain increases.

  • You have cold and numb fingers or toes if your arm or leg was injured.

SEEK IMMEDIATE MEDICAL CARE IF:

  • Your toes are numb or blue if your leg was injured.

  • Your fingers are numb or blue if your arm was injured.

  • Your pain is not responding to medicines and continues to stay the same or gets worse.

MAKE SURE YOU:

  • Understand these instructions.

  • Will watch your condition.

  • Will get help right away if you are not doing well or get worse.