Lichen sclerosus is a skin problem. It can happen on any part of the body, but it commonly involves the anal or genital areas. Lichen sclerosus is not an infection or a fungus. Girls and women are more commonly affected than boys and men.
The cause is not known. It could be the result of an overactive immune system or a lack of certain hormones. Lichen sclerosus is not passed from one person to another (not contagious).
Your skin may have:
Thin, wrinkled, white areas.
Thickened white areas.
Red and swollen patches.
Tears or cracks.
You may also have pain, itching, or burning with urination. Constipation is also common in people with lichen sclerosus.
Your caregiver will do a physical exam. Sometimes, a tissue sample (biopsy) may be sent for testing.
Treatment may involve putting a thin layer of medicated cream (topical steroid) over the areas with lichen sclerosus. Use the cream only as directed by your caregiver.
HOME CARE INSTRUCTIONS
Only take over-the-counter or prescription medicines as directed by your caregiver.
Keep the vaginal area as clean and dry as possible.
SEEK MEDICAL CARE IF:
You develop increasing pain, swelling, or redness.