Joint Injection

Care After

Refer to this sheet in the next few days. These instructions provide you with information on caring for yourself after you have had a joint injection. Your caregiver also may give you more specific instructions. Your treatment has been planned according to current medical practices, but problems sometimes occur. Call your caregiver if you have any problems or questions after your procedure.

After any type of joint injection, it is not uncommon to experience:

  • Soreness, swelling, or bruising around the injection site.

  • Mild numbness, tingling, or weakness around the injection site caused by the numbing medicine used before or with the injection.

It also is possible to experience the following effects associated with the specific agent after injection:

  • Iodine-based contrast agents:

  • Allergic reaction (itching, hives, widespread redness, and swelling beyond the injection site).

  • Corticosteroids (These effects are rare.):

  • Allergic reaction.

  • Increased blood sugar levels (If you have diabetes and you notice that your blood sugar levels have increased, notify your caregiver).

  • Increased blood pressure levels.

  • Mood swings.

  • Hyaluronic acid in the use of viscosupplementation.

  • Temporary heat or redness.

  • Temporary rash and itching.

  • Increased fluid accumulation in the injected joint.

These effects all should resolve within a day after your procedure.


  • Limit yourself to light activity the day of your procedure. Avoid lifting heavy objects, bending, stooping, or twisting.

  • Take prescription or over-the-counter pain medication as directed by your caregiver.

  • You may apply ice to your injection site to reduce pain and swelling the day of your procedure. Ice may be applied 03-04 times:

  • Put ice in a plastic bag.

  • Place a towel between your skin and the bag.

  • Leave the ice on for no longer than 15-20 minutes each time.


  • Pain and swelling get worse rather than better or extend beyond the injection site.

  • Numbness does not go away.

  • Blood or fluid continues to leak from the injection site.

  • You have chest pain.

  • You have swelling of your face or tongue.

  • You have trouble breathing or you become dizzy.

  • You develop a fever, chills, or severe tenderness at the injection site that last longer than 1 day.


  • Understand these instructions.

  • Watch your condition.

  • Get help right away if you are not doing well or if you get worse.