Gout is caused by a buildup of uric acid crystals in the joints. The crystals make your joints sore. This is like having sand in your joints. Repeat attacks are common. Gout can be treated.


  • Do not take aspirin for pain.

  • Only take medicine as told by your doctor.

  • You may use cold treatments (ice) on painful joints.

  • Put ice in a plastic bag.

  • Place a towel between your skin and the bag.

  • Leave the ice on for 15 to 20 minutes at a time, 3 to 4 times a day.

  • Rest in bed as much as possible. When in bed, keep the sheets and blankets off your sore joints.

  • Keep the sore joints raised (elevated).

  • Use crutches if your legs or ankles hurt.

  • Drink enough water and fluids to keep your pee (urine) clear or pale yellow. This helps your body get rid of uric acid. Do not drink alcohol.

  • Follow diet instructions as told by your doctor.

  • Keep your body at a healthy weight.


  • You have a temperature by mouth above 102° F (38.9° C), not controlled by medicine.

  • You have watery poop (diarrhea).

  • You are throwing up (vomiting).

  • You do not feel better in 1 day, or you are getting worse.

  • Your joint hurts more.

  • You have the chills.


  • Understand these instructions.

  • Will watch your condition.

  • Will get help right away if you are not doing well or get worse.