General Headache Without Cause

A headache is pain or discomfort felt around the head or neck area. The specific cause of a headache may not be found. There are many causes and types of headaches. A few common ones are:

  • Tension headaches.

  • Migraine headaches.

  • Cluster headaches.

  • Chronic daily headaches.

HOME CARE INSTRUCTIONS

  • Keep all follow-up appointments with your caregiver or any specialist referral.

  • Only take over-the-counter or prescription medicines for pain or discomfort as directed by your caregiver.

  • Lie down in a dark, quiet room when you have a headache.

  • Keep a headache journal to find out what may trigger your migraine headaches. For example, write down:

  • What you eat and drink.

  • How much sleep you get.

  • Any change to your diet or medicines.

  • Try massage or other relaxation techniques.

  • Put ice packs or heat on the head and neck. Use these 3 to 4 times per day for 15 to 20 minutes each time, or as needed.

  • Limit stress.

  • Sit up straight, and do not tense your muscles.

  • Quit smoking if you smoke.

  • Limit alcohol use.

  • Decrease the amount of caffeine you drink, or stop drinking caffeine.

  • Eat and sleep on a regular schedule.

  • Get 7 to 9 hours of sleep, or as recommended by your caregiver.

  • Keep lights dim if bright lights bother you and make your headaches worse.

SEEK MEDICAL CARE IF:

  • You have problems with the medicines you were prescribed.

  • Your medicines are not working.

  • You have a change from the usual headache.

  • You have nausea or vomiting.

SEEK IMMEDIATE MEDICAL CARE IF:

  • Your headache becomes severe.

  • You have a fever.

  • You have a stiff neck.

  • You have loss of vision.

  • You have muscular weakness or loss of muscle control.

  • You start losing your balance or have trouble walking.

  • You feel faint or pass out.

  • You have severe symptoms that are different from your first symptoms.

MAKE SURE YOU:

  • Understand these instructions.

  • Will watch your condition.

  • Will get help right away if you are not doing well or get worse.