Foot Contusion

ExitCare ImageA foot contusion is a deep bruise to the foot. Contusions are the result of an injury that caused bleeding under the skin. The contusion may turn blue, purple, or yellow. Minor injuries will give you a painless contusion, but more severe contusions may stay painful and swollen for a few weeks.

CAUSES

A foot contusion comes from a direct blow to that area, such as a heavy object falling on the foot.

SYMPTOMS

  • Swelling of the foot.

  • Discoloration of the foot.

  • Tenderness or soreness of the foot.

DIAGNOSIS

You will have a physical exam and will be asked about your history. You may need an X-ray of your foot to look for a broken bone (fracture).

TREATMENT

An elastic wrap may be recommended to support your foot. Resting, elevating, and applying cold compresses to your foot are often the best treatments for a foot contusion. Over-the-counter medicines may also be recommended for pain control.

HOME CARE INSTRUCTIONS

  • Put ice on the injured area.

  • Put ice in a plastic bag.

  • Place a towel between your skin and the bag.

  • Leave the ice on for 15-20 minutes, 03-04 times a day.

  • Only take over-the-counter or prescription medicines for pain, discomfort, or fever as directed by your caregiver.

  • If told, use an elastic wrap as directed. This can help reduce swelling. You may remove the wrap for sleeping, showering, and bathing. If your toes become numb, cold, or blue, take the wrap off and reapply it more loosely.

  • Elevate your foot with pillows to reduce swelling.

  • Try to avoid standing or walking while the foot is painful. Do not resume use until instructed by your caregiver. Then, begin use gradually. If pain develops, decrease use. Gradually increase activities that do not cause discomfort until you have normal use of your foot.

  • See your caregiver as directed. It is very important to keep all follow-up appointments in order to avoid any lasting problems with your foot, including long-term (chronic) pain.

SEEK IMMEDIATE MEDICAL CARE IF:

  • You have increased redness, swelling, or pain in your foot.

  • Your swelling or pain is not relieved with medicines.

  • You have loss of feeling in your foot or are unable to move your toes.

  • Your foot turns cold or blue.

  • You have pain when you move your toes.

  • Your foot becomes warm to the touch.

  • Your contusion does not improve in 2 days.

MAKE SURE YOU:

  • Understand these instructions.

  • Will watch your condition.

  • Will get help right away if you are not doing well or get worse.