ExitCare ImagePeople with epilepsy have times when they shake and jerk uncontrollably (seizures). This happens when there is a sudden change in brain function. Epilepsy may have many possible causes. Anything that disturbs the normal pattern of brain cell activity can lead to seizures.


  • Listen to your doctor about driving and safety during normal activities.

  • Only take medicine as told by your doctor.

  • Take blood tests as told by your doctor.

  • Tell the people you live and work with that you have seizures. Make sure they know how to help you. They should:

  • Cushion your head and body.

  • Turn you on your side.

  • Not restrain you.

  • Not place anything inside your mouth.

  • Call for local emergency medical help if there is any question about what has happened.

  • Write down when your seizures happen and what you remember about each seizure. Write down anything you think may have caused the seizure to happen (trigger).

  • Keep all follow-up visits with your doctor. This is very important.


  • You get an infection or start to feel sick. You may have more seizures when you are sick.

  • You are having seizures more often.

  • Your seizure pattern is changing.

  • A seizure does not stop after a few seconds or minutes.

  • A seizure causes you to have trouble breathing.

  • A seizure gives you a very bad headache.

  • A seizure makes you unable to speak or use a part of your body.


  • Understand these instructions.

  • Will watch your condition.

  • Will get help right away if you are not doing well or get worse.