Droplet Precautions

Droplet precautions are a way to protect everyone from the spread of certain germs. If you are on droplet precautions, you have or may have germs that can be spread:

  • When you talk.

  • When you sneeze.

  • When you cough.

  • ExitCare ImageDuring suctioning of the mouth, throat, or airways.

  • During tests involving the mouth, throat, or airways.

These germs fall on surfaces quickly and usually within a few feet from you.


  • Cover your mouth with a tissue when you cough.

  • Cover your nose with a tissue when you sneeze.

  • ExitCare Image Wash your hands often.

  • Your time out of the room should be limited to tests that you need in other areas of the hospital.

  • You must check with your nurse before leaving your room.

  • Wear a mask if you go to another hospital area.


If there is a "Droplet Precautions" sign on the door:

  • You must check with the nurse before going into the room.

  • You should check with the nurse if you plan to eat or drink in the room.

  • ExitCare Image You should ask the nurse about using or touching any items in the room.

If allowed into the patient room:

  • Wash your hands with soap and water or use hand sanitizer before entering the room.

  • Wear a mask over your nose and mouth. It must fit tightly. The mask may have an attached eye shield.

  • Wear eye protection if told by the nurse.

  • As you leave the room:

  • Take off your mask and eye protection, and throw them in the trash.

  • Wash your hands with soap and water or use hand sanitizer.