Soft Diet

The soft diet may be recommended after you were put on a full liquid diet. A normal diet may follow. The soft diet can also be used after surgery if you are too ill to keep down a normal diet. The soft diet may also be needed if you have a hard time chewing foods.

DESCRIPTION

Tender foods are used. Foods do not need to be ground or pureed. Most raw fruits and vegetables and coarse breads and cereals should be avoided. Fried foods and highly seasoned foods may cause discomfort.

NUTRITIONAL ADEQUACY

A healthy diet is possible if foods from each of the basic food groups are eaten daily.

SOFT DIET FOOD LISTS

Milk/Dairy

  • Allowed: Milk and milk drinks, milk shakes, cream cheese, cottage cheese, mild cheeses.

  • Avoid: Sharp or highly seasoned cheese.

Meat/Meat Substitutes

  • Allowed: Broiled, roasted, baked, or stewed tender lean beef, mutton, lamb, veal, chicken, turkey, liver, ham, crisp bacon, white fish, tuna, salmon. Eggs, smooth peanut butter.

  • Avoid: All fried meats, fish, or fowl. Rich gravies and sauces. Lunch meats, sausages, hot dogs. Meats with gristle, chunky peanut butter.

Breads/Grains

  • Allowed: Rice, noodles, spaghetti, macaroni. Dry or cooked refined cereals, such as farina, cream of wheat, oatmeal, grits, whole-wheat cereals. Plain or toasted white or wheat blend or whole-grain breads, soda crackers or saltines, flour tortillas.

  • Avoid: Wild rice, coarse cereals, such as bran. Seed in or on breads and crackers. Bread or bread products with nuts or seeds.

Fruits/Vegetables

  • Allowed: Fruit and vegetable juices, well-cooked or canned fruits and vegetables, any dried fruit. One citrus fruit daily, 1 vitamin A source daily. Well-ripened, easy to chew fruits, sweet potatoes. Baked, boiled, mashed, creamed, scalloped, or au gratin potatoes. Broths or creamed soups made with allowed vegetables, strained tomatoes.

  • Avoid: All gas-forming vegetables (corn, radishes, Brussels sprouts, onions, broccoli, cabbage, parsnips, turnips, chili peppers, pinto beans, split peas, dried beans). Fruits containing seeds and skin. Potato chips and corn chips. All others that are not made with allowed vegetables. Highly seasoned soups.

Desserts/Sweets

  • Allowed: Simple desserts, such as custard, junkets, gelatin desserts, plain ice cream and sherbets, simple cakes and cookies, allowed fruits, sugar, syrup, jelly, honey, plain hard candy, and molasses.

  • Avoid: Rich pastries, any dessert containing dates, nuts, raisins, or coconut. Fried pastries, such as doughnuts. Chocolate.

Beverages

  • Allowed: Fruit and vegetable juices. Caffeine-free carbonated drinks, coffee, and tea.

  • Avoid: Caffeinated beverages: coffee, tea, soda or pop.

Miscellaneous

  • Allowed: Butter, cream, margarine, mayonnaise, oil. Cream sauces, salt, and mild spices.

  • Avoid: Highly spiced salad dressings. Highly seasoned foods, hot sauce, mustard, horseradish, and pepper.

SAMPLE MENU

Breakfast

  • Orange juice.

  • Oatmeal.

  • Soft cooked egg.

  • Toast and margarine.

  • 2% milk.

  • Coffee.

Lunch

  • Meatloaf.

  • Mashed potato.

  • Green beans.

  • Lemon pudding.

  • Bread and margarine.

  • Coffee.

Dinner

  • Consommé or apricot nectar.

  • Chicken breast.

  • Rice, peas, and carrots.

  • Applesauce.

  • Bread and margarine.

  • 2% milk.

To cut the amount of fat in your diet, omit margarine and use 1% or skim milk.

NUTRIENT ANALYSIS

  • Calories........................1953 Kcal.

  • Protein.........................102 gm.

  • Carbohydrate...............247 gm.

  • Fat................................65 gm.

  • Cholesterol...................449 mg.

  • Dietary fiber.................19 gm.

  • Vitamin A.....................2944 RE.

  • Vitamin C.....................79 mg.

  • Niacin..........................25 mg.

  • Riboflavin....................2.0 mg.

  • Thiamin.......................1.5 mg.

  • Folate..........................249 mcg.

  • Calcium.......................1030 mg.

  • Phosphorus.................1782 mg.

  • Zinc..............................12 mg.

  • Iron..............................13 mg.

  • Sodium.........................299 mg.

  • Potassium....................3046 mg.