Hyperemesis Gravidarum Diet

Hyperemesis gravidarum is a severe form of morning sickness. It is characterized by frequent and severe vomiting. It happens during the first trimester of pregnancy. It may be caused by the rapid hormone changes that happen during pregnancy. It is associated with a 5% weight loss of pre-pregnancy weight. The hyperemesis diet may be used to lessen symptoms of nausea and vomiting.

EATING GUIDELINES

  • Eat 5 to 6 small meals daily instead of 3 large meals.

  • Avoid foods with strong smells.

  • Avoid drinking 30 minutes before and after meals.

  • Avoid fried or high-fat foods, such as butter and cream sauces.

  • Starchy foods are usually well-tolerated, such as cereal, toast, bread, potatoes, pasta, rice, and pretzels.

  • Eat crackers before you get out of bed in the morning.

  • Avoid spicy foods.

  • Ginger may help with nausea. Add ¼ tsp ginger to hot tea or choose ginger tea.

  • Continue to take your prenatal vitamins as directed by your caregiver.

SAMPLE MEAL PLAN

Breakfast

  • ½ cup oatmeal

  • 1 slice toast

  • 1 tsp heart-healthy margarine

  • 1 tsp jelly

  • 1 scrambled egg

Midmorning Snack

  • 1 cup low-fat yogurt

Lunch

  • Plain ham sandwich

  • Carrot or celery sticks

  • 1 small apple

  • 3 graham crackers

Midafternoon Snack

  • Cheese and crackers

Dinner

  • 4 oz pork tenderloin

  • 1 small baked potato

  • 1 tsp margarine

  • ½ cup broccoli

  • ½ cup grapes

Evening Snack

  • 1 cup pudding