1.5 Gram Low Sodium Diet

ExitCare ImageA 1.5 gram sodium diet restricts the amount of salt in your diet. You can have no more than 1.5 grams (1500 miligrams) in 1 day. This can help lessen your risk for developing high blood pressure. This diet may also reduce your chance of having a heart attack or stroke. It is important that you know what to look for when choosing foods and drinks.

HOME CARE

  • Do not add salt to food.

  • Avoid convenience items and fast food.

  • Choose unsalted snack foods.

  • Buy products labeled "low sodium" or "no salt added" when possible.

  • Check food labels to learn how much sodium is in 1 serving.

  • When eating at a restaurant, ask that your food be prepared with less salt or none, if possible.

The nutrition facts label is a good place to find how much sodium is in foods. Look for products with no more than 400 mg of sodium per serving. Remember that 1.5 g = 1500 mg.

CHOOSING FOODS

Grains

  • Avoid: Salted crackers and snack items. Some cereals, including instant hot cereals. Bread stuffing and biscuit mixes. Seasoned rice or pasta mixes.

  • Choose: Unsalted snack items. Low-sodium cereals, oats, puffed wheat and rice, shredded wheat. English muffins and bread. Pasta.

Meats

  • Avoid: Salted, canned, smoked, spiced, pickled meats, including fish and poultry. Bacon, ham, sausage, cold cuts, hot dogs, anchovies.

  • Choose: Low-sodium canned tuna and salmon. Fresh or frozen meat, poultry, and fish.

Dairy

  • Avoid: Processed cheese and spreads. Cottage cheese. Buttermilk and condensed milk. Regular cheese.

  • Choose: Milk. Low-sodium cottage cheese. Yogurt. Sour cream. Low-sodium cheese.

Fruits and Vegetables

  • Avoid: Regular canned vegetables. Regular canned tomato sauce and paste. Frozen vegetables in sauces. Olives. Pickles. Relishes. Sauerkraut.

  • Choose: Low-sodium canned vegetables. Low-sodium tomato sauce and paste. Frozen or fresh vegetables. Fresh and frozen fruit.

Condiments

  • Avoid: Canned and packaged gravies. Worcestershire sauce. Tartar sauce. Barbecue sauce. Soy sauce. Steak sauce. Ketchup. Onion, garlic, and table salt. Meat flavorings and tenderizers.

  • Choose: Fresh and dried herbs and spices. Low-sodium varieties of mustard and ketchup. Lemon juice. Tabasco sauce. Horseradish.