Type 2 Diabetes

Diabetes is a long-lasting (chronic) disease. One or both of the following happen with type 2 diabetes:

  • The pancreas does not make enough of a hormone called insulin.

  • The body has trouble using the insulin that is made.


  • Check your blood sugar (glucose) once a day, or as told by your doctor.

  • Take all medicine as told by your doctor.

  • Do not smoke.

  • Eat healthy foods. Weight loss can help your diabetes.

  • Learn about low blood sugar (hypoglycemia). Know how to treat it.

  • Get your eyes checked on a regular basis.

  • Get a physical exam every year. Get your blood pressure checked. Get your blood and pee (urine) tested.

  • Wear a necklace or bracelet that says you have diabetes.

  • Check your feet every night for cuts, sores, blisters, and redness. Tell your doctor if you have problems.


  • You have trouble keeping your blood sugar in target range.

  • You have problems with your medicines.

  • You are sick and not getting better after 24 hours.

  • You have a sore or wound that is not healing.

  • You have vision problems or changes.

  • You have a fever.


  • Understand these instructions.

  • Will watch your condition.

  • Will get help right away if you are not doing well or get worse.