ExitCare ImageA colonoscopy is an exam to look at your colon. This exam helps to find lumps (tumors), growths (polyps), puffiness (swelling), and bleeding in your colon.


  • You may need to drink clear liquids for 2 days before the exam.

  • Ask your doctor about changing or stopping your regular medicines.

  • You may need liquid or medicines put in your butt (enema or laxatives) to help you poop.

  • You may need to drink a liquid over a short amount of time. This liquid cleans your colon.

  • Ask your doctor what time you need to arrive.


A tube is put in the opening of your butt (anus) and into your colon. The doctor will look for anything that is not normal. Your doctor may take a tissue sample (biopsy) from your colon to be looked at more closely.


  • Have someone drive you home if you took pain medicine or a medicine to relax you (sedative).

  • You may see blood in your poop (stool). This is normal.

  • You may pass gas and have belly (abdominal) cramps. This is normal.

Finding out the results of your test

Ask when your test results will be ready. Make sure you get your test results.