Chlamydia, Female

Chlamydia is an infection caused by bacteria. It is spread through sexual contact. Chlamydia can be in different areas of the body. These areas include the cervix, urethra, throat, or rectum. If you are infected, you must finish all treatments and follow up with a caregiver.

CAUSES

Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted disease. It is passed from an infected partner during intimate contact. This contact could be with the genitals, mouth, or rectal area. Infections can also be passed from mothers to babies during birth.

SYMPTOMS

There may not be any symptoms. This is often the case early in the infection. Symptoms you may notice include:

  • Mild pain and discomfort when urinating.

  • Inflammation of the rectum.

  • Vaginal discharge.

  • Painful intercourse.

  • Abdominal pain.

  • Bleeding between menstrual periods.

DIAGNOSIS

To diagnose this infection, your caregiver will do a pelvic exam. Cultures will be taken of the vagina, cervix, urine, and possibly the rectum to see if the infection is chlamydia.

TREATMENT

You will be given antibiotic medicines. Any sexual partners should also be treated, even if they do not show symptoms. Take the medicine for the prescribed length of time. If you are pregnant, do not take tetracycline-type antibiotics.

HOME CARE INSTRUCTIONS

  • Take your antibiotics as directed. Finish them even if you start to feel better.

  • Only take over-the-counter or prescription medicines for pain, discomfort, or fever as directed by your caregiver.

  • Inform any sexual partners about the infection. They should be treated also.

  • Do not have sexual contact until your caregiver tells you it is okay.

  • Get plenty of rest.

  • Eat a well-balanced diet, and drink enough fluids to keep your urine clear or pale yellow.

  • Keep all follow-up appointments and tests.

SEEK IMMEDIATE MEDICAL CARE IF:

  • Your symptoms return.

  • You have a fever.

MAKE SURE YOU:

  • Understand these instructions.

  • Will watch your condition.

  • Will get help right away if you are not doing well or get worse.