Chickenpox, Child

Chickenpox is an infection caused by a type of germ (virus). This infection can spread from person to person (contagious). It is common in children under 15 years old. A shot (vaccine) is available to protect against chickenpox. Talk to your child's doctor about this shot.

HOME CARE

  • Only give medicine as told by your child's doctor. Do not give aspirin to your child.

  • Apply an anti-itch cream to the rash if needed.

  • Encourage your child to avoid scratching or picking at the rash.

  • Keep your child cool. Heat makes itching worse.

  • Have your child drink enough fluids to keep his or her pee (urine) clear or pale yellow.

  • Apply cold packs to the itchy areas as told by your child's doctor.

  • Cool baths may help lessen itching. Add baking soda or oatmeal soap to the water.

  • Your child should stay away from:

  • Pregnant women.

  • Infants.

  • People with cancer.

  • People who are sick.

  • Older people (elderly).

  • Have your child stay home until all blisters crust over. If there are no blisters, your child should stay home until spots stop showing up.

GET HELP RIGHT AWAY IF:

  • Your child starts to shake (seize).

  • Your child starts breathing fast.

  • Your child starts to throw up (vomit).

  • Your child has blood in his or her poop (stool) or pee.

  • The sores get more red or have red streaks.

  • There is yellowish-white fluid (pus) coming from the blisters.

  • The sores are puffy (swollen) or tender.

  • Your child is confused, behaves oddly, or is more tired than normal.

  • Your child's blisters start to bleed or bruise.

  • Your child has neck or chest pain.

  • Your child starts to lose his or her balance.

  • Your child develops a cough.

  • Blisters start to form in the eye.

  • Your child has a temperature by mouth above 102° F (38.9° C), not controlled by medicine.

  • Your baby is older than 3 months with a rectal temperature of 102° F (38.9° C) or higher.

  • Your baby is 3 months old or younger with a rectal temperature of 100.4° F (38° C) or higher.

MAKE SURE YOU:

  • Understand these instructions.

  • Will watch your child's condition.

  • Will get help right away if your child is not doing well or gets worse.