Chalazion

A chalazion is a swelling or hard lump on the eyelid caused by a blocked oil gland. Chalazions may occur on the upper or the lower eyelid.

CAUSES

Oil gland in the eyelid becomes blocked.

SYMPTOMS

  • Swelling or hard lump on the eyelid. This lump may make it hard to see out of the eye.

  • The swelling may spread to areas around the eye.

TREATMENT

  • Although some chalazions disappear by themselves in 1 or 2 months, some chalazions may need to be removed.

  • Medicines to treat an infection may be required.

HOME CARE INSTRUCTIONS

  • Wash your hands often and dry them with a clean towel. Do not touch the chalazion.

  • Apply heat to the eyelid several times a day for 10 minutes to help ease discomfort and bring any yellowish white fluid (pus) to the surface. One way to apply heat to a chalazion is to use the handle of a metal spoon.

  • Hold the handle under hot water until it is hot, and then wrap the handle in paper towels so that the heat can come through without burning your skin.

  • Hold the wrapped handle against the chalazion and reheat the spoon handle as needed.

  • Apply heat in this fashion for 10 minutes, 4 times per day.

  • Return to your caregiver to have the pus removed if it does not break (rupture) on its own.

  • Do not try to remove the pus yourself by squeezing the chalazion or sticking it with a pin or needle.

  • Only take over-the-counter or prescription medicines for pain, discomfort, or fever as directed by your caregiver.

SEEK IMMEDIATE MEDICAL CARE IF:

  • You have pain in your eye.

  • Your vision changes.

  • The chalazion does not go away.

  • The chalazion becomes painful, red, or swollen, grows larger, or does not start to disappear after 2 weeks.

MAKE SURE YOU:

  • Understand these instructions.

  • Will watch your condition.

  • Will get help right away if you are not doing well or get worse.