Cervicitis

ExitCare ImageCervicitis is a soreness and swelling (inflammation) of the cervix. Your cervix is located at the bottom of your uterus. It opens up to the vagina.

CAUSES

  • Sexually transmitted infections (STIs).  

  • Allergic reaction.  

  • Medicines or birth control devices that are put in the vagina.  

  • Injury to the cervix.  

  • Bacterial infections.  

RISK FACTORS

You are at greater risk if you:

  • Have unprotected sexual intercourse.

  • Have sexual intercourse with many partners.

  • Began sexual intercourse at an early age.

  • Have a history of STIs.

SYMPTOMS

There may be no symptoms. If symptoms occur, they may include:

  • Grey, white, yellow, or bad-smelling vaginal discharge.  

  • Pain or itching of the area outside the vagina.  

  • Painful sexual intercourse.  

  • Lower abdominal or lower back pain, especially during intercourse.  

  • Frequent urination.  

  • Abnormal vaginal bleeding between periods, after sexual intercourse, or after menopause.  

  • Pressure or a heavy feeling in the pelvis.  

DIAGNOSIS

Diagnosis is made after a pelvic exam. Other tests may include:

  • Examination of any discharge under a microscope (wet prep).  

  • A Pap test.  

TREATMENT

Treatment will depend on the cause of cervicitis. If it is caused by an STI, both you and your partner will need to be treated. Antibiotic medicines will be given.

HOME CARE INSTRUCTIONS

  • Do not have sexual intercourse until your health care provider says it is okay.  

  • Do not have sexual intercourse until your partner has been treated, if your cervicitis is caused by an STI.  

  • Take your antibiotics as directed. Finish them even if you start to feel better.  

SEEK MEDICAL CARE IF:

  • Your symptoms come back.  

  • You have a fever.  

MAKE SURE YOU:

  • Understand these instructions.

  • Will watch your condition.

  • Will get help right away if you are not doing well or get worse.