Cardiovascular Panel

The following tests give results that can help predict the likelihood of developing heart disease.

CHOLESTEROL TOTAL

This is a sterol in your blood and if it is elevated it can increase the risk of coronary heart disease.

NORMAL RANGE VALUES:

  • Adult/elderly: less than 200mg/dL or less than 5.20 mmol/L (SI units)

  • Child: 120-200 mg/dL

  • Infant: 70-175 mg/dL

  • Newborns: 53-135 mg/dL

HDL (HIGH DENSITY LIPOPROTEIN)

This is also known as the good cholesterol. It takes cholesterol away from the cells and transports it back to the liver for processing or removal. This is low in people who smoke or do not get enough exercise. It is good if this is high.

NORMAL RANGE VALUES:

  • Male: greater than 45 mg/dL or greater than 0.75 mmol/L (SI units)

  • Female: greater than 55 mg/dL or greater than 0.91 mmol/L (SI units)

LDL (LOW DENSITY LIPOPROTEIN)

This is known as the bad cholesterol and it is responsible for putting cholesterol onto the walls of your arteries.

It is best if this is low.

NORMAL RANGE VALUES:

  • LDL: 60-180 mg/dL or less than 3.37 mmol/L (SI units)

CHOLESTEROL/HDL RATIO

This is calculated by dividing the total cholesterol by the HDL cholesterol. The ratio is used by doctors for determining your risk of heart disease. A low ratio is best.

NORMAL RANGE VALUES:

  • Risk of Heart Disease: Low

  • Male: 60 (1.55)

  • Female: 70 (1.81)

  • Risk of Heart Disease: Moderate

  • Male: 45 (1.17)

  • Female: 55 (1.42)

  • Risk of Heart Disease: High

  • Male: 25 (0.65)

  • Female: 35 (0.90)

TRIGLYCERIDES

These are fat in the blood responsible for providing energy to your cells. Triglycerides should be less than 400 mg/dl even when you are not fasting. Low levels are best.

NORMAL RANGE VALUES:

  • Adult/elderly

  • Male: 40-160 mg/dL or 0.45-1.81 mmol/L (SI units)

  • Female: 35-135 mg/dL or 0.40-1.52 mmol/L (SI units)

  • Children: 0-5 years

  • Male: 30-86 mg/dL

  • Female: 32-99 mg/dL

  • Children: 6-11 years

  • Male: 31-108 mg/dL

  • Female: 35-114 mg/dL

  • Children: 12-15 years

  • Male: 36-138 mg/dL

  • Female: 41-138 mg/dL

  • Children: 16-19 years

  • Male: 40-163 mg/dL

  • Female: 40-128 mg/dL

PREPARATION FOR TEST

A blood sample is obtained by inserting a needle into a vein in the arm.

NORMAL FINDINGS

Ranges for normal findings may vary among different laboratories and hospitals. You should always check with your doctor after having lab work or other tests done to discuss the meaning of your test results and whether your values are considered within normal limits.

MEANING OF TEST

Your caregiver will go over the test results with you and discuss the importance and meaning of your results, as well as treatment options and the need for additional tests if necessary.

OBTAINING TEST RESULTS

It is your responsibility to obtain your test results. Ask the lab or department performing the test when and how you will get your results.