A biopsy is a test where a small piece of tissue is removed from your body. The tissue is looked at closely under a microscope. The tissue is checked for anything that is not normal.


  • Ask your doctor what time you need to arrive for the test.

  • Ask your doctor if you need to stop eating and drinking before the test.

  • Ask your doctor about changing or stopping your medicines.

  • Your blood may be drawn.

  • You may be given medicine to help you relax (sedative).


Fine needle biopsy

  • Your doctor will use a needle to remove the tissue.

  • Your skin will be cleaned.

  • The needle will enter your skin.

  • The tissue will be removed, and the needle will be removed.

  • Your doctor may press on the skin to lessen puffiness (swelling) and stop bleeding.

Open biopsy

  • Your doctor will use a cut (incision) to remove the tissue.

  • You will be given medicine so you do not feel anything or to make you sleep (anesthetic).

  • A cut is made in the skin. The tissue is removed.

  • The cut is closed with stitches (sutures) or skin glue (adhesive).


  • You will be checked on while you recover.

  • If you are doing well, you will go home. Have someone drive you home.

  • Ask when your test results will be ready. Make sure you get your test results.