Anger is a normal human emotion. However, anger can range from mild irritation to rage. When your anger becomes harmful to yourself or others, it is unhealthy anger.
There are many reasons for unhealthy anger. Many people learn how to express anger from observing how their family expressed anger. In troubled, chaotic, or abusive families, anger can be expressed as rage or even violence. Children can grow up never learning how healthy anger can be expressed. Factors that contribute to unhealthy anger include:
Drug or alcohol abuse.
Post-traumatic stress disorder.
Traumatic brain injury.
People with unhealthy anger tend to overreact and retaliate against a real or imagined threat. The need to retaliate can turn into violence or verbal abuse against another person. Chronic anger can lead to health problems, such as hypertension, high blood pressure, and depression.
Exercising, relaxing, meditating, or writing out your feelings all can be beneficial in managing moderate anger. For unhealthy anger, the following methods may be used:
Cognitive-behavioral counseling (learning skills to change the thoughts that influence your mood).
Assertive communication skills.